In Phase 4 words are often referred to in relation to how many vowels and consonants they contain.
The word 'cod' is a CVC word (consonant / vowel / consonant). Other CVC words include: sad, net & him.
The word 'crab' is a CCVC word (consonant / consonant / vowel / consonant). Other CCVC words include: trim, flat & step.
The word 'help' is a CVCC word (consonant / vowel / consonant / consonant). Other CVCC words include: fist, mend and test.
As children progress through Phase 4 they become more confident and skilled in reading and spelling words with a greater number of letters and graphemes.