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Irk Valley Community School


The importance of valuing others, listening to different viewpoints, taking care of belongings, manners, appreciating the diversity which exists in our community and beyond


The determination to reach the highest standards, every day.


The desire to grow and develop, achieving the best for ourselves and each other.


The knowledge that working with others, asking for help when needed and supporting others to develop are the foundations of growth.


The importance of joy in what we do, discovering our strengths and using them.


As many of these children still primarily use their phonetical knowledge to help segment and blend words they are unsure of whilst reading we have a bank of useful resources below to help with their fluency.


Phonics Key Words:

  • Phoneme - the smallest unit of sound in speech.  When we teach reading we teach children which letters represent those sounds.
    ie. s, a, t
  • Digraph - when two letters together make one sound, we often say they are 'best friend' as they stick together.
    ie. sh, th, oa
  • Trigraph - similar to a digraph but they have three letters that together make one sound.
    ie. igh, ure, air
  • Grapheme - is used to describe a letter or a number of letters which represent a sound within a word.
    ie. shop has 3 graphemes; sh-o-p

The children are given sound mats in school to use to help identify sounds while decoding words when reading and/ or writing.

Picture 1 Phase 2 Soundmat
Picture 2 Phase 3 Soundmat
Picture 3 Phase 5 Soundmat

Phase 2 Graphemes

Phase 3 Graphemes

Phase 5 Graphemes

In Phase Five, children will learn more graphemes however they will already be aware of the sound. For example, they already know ai as in rain, but now they will be introduced to ay as in day and a-e as in make.

Alternative pronunciations for graphemes will also be introduced.

ie.ea in tea, head and break


In Phonics we teach the children an action when we introduce a new sound, this helps them to remember and we do encourage them to perform each action when segment words whilst reading and spelling.


Useful Phonics Videos and Websites: