Are two or more words which have the same pronunciation but different meanings, origins, or spelling.
Eg. brake/break, grate/great, eight/ate, weight/wait, son/sun, here/hear, knot/not, meat/meet, heel/heal/he’ll, plain/plane, groan/grown, rain/ rein/reign
Prefixes and Suffixes:
A prefix is a letter or letters which are added to the beginning of a word to change the meaning.
In Year 3, we will focus on the following prefixes:
dis- (disappoint), mis- (misbehave), in- (inactive), il- (illegal), im- (immature), irr- (irregular), re- (reappear), sub- (subheading), inter- (international), super- (supermarket), anti- (anti-clockwise), auto- (autobiography)
Aswell as, building on the suffixes used in Year 1 and 2; un-
A suffix is a letter or letters added at the end of a word they can change or add to its meaning.
In Year 3, we will focus on the following suffixes:
-ation (information), -ly (gently), -ous (enormous)
Aswell as, building on the suffixes used in Year 2; -ing, -ed, -er, -est, -ment, -ness, -ful, -ly
There are two main types of conjunctions; coordinating and subordinating.
Coordinating Conjunction: link two words or phrases together as an equal part.
In Year 3 we will focus on the following: and, for, but, nor, or, yet, so.
Subordinating Conjunction: introduce a subordinate clause.
In Year 3 we will focus on the following: when, if, because, although.
Apostrophes are used to show possession:
The girl's bag. Sarah's pencil case. Zeeshan's lunchbox
Apostrophes are also used to show when letters are missing:
Could not - couldn't Would not - wouldn't I will - I'll
Similar to contract meaning to squeeze together, a contraction is when two words are made shorter by taking out some letters, replacing them with an apostrophe.
is not - isn't
The 'o' has been taken out of the words and replaced by the apostrophe.
I am - I'm
The 'a' has been taken out of the words and replaced by the apostrophe.