As many of these children still primarily use their phonetical knowledge to help segment and blend words they are unsure of whilst reading we have a bank of useful resources below to help with their fluency.
Phonics Key Words:
- Phoneme - the smallest unit of sound in speech. When we teach reading we teach children which letters represent those sounds.
ie. s, a, t
- Digraph - when two letters together make one sound, we often say they are 'best friend' as they stick together.
ie. sh, th, oa
- Trigraph - similar to a digraph but they have three letters that together make one sound.
ie. igh, ure, air
- Grapheme - is used to describe a letter or a number of letters which represent a sound within a word.
ie. shop has 3 graphemes; sh-o-p
The children are given sound mats in school to use to help identify sounds while decoding words when reading and/ or writing.
Phase 5 Graphemes
In Phase Five, children will learn more graphemes however they will already be aware of the sound. For example, they already know ai as in rain, but now they will be introduced to ay as in day and a-e as in make.
Alternative pronunciations for graphemes will also be introduced.
ie.ea in tea, head and break